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Segelmacherei PrimeSails
 

MAIN SAIL

If no specifications are provided by the manufacturer or the calss rule, calculating the sail area for the main sail requires know-how and experience. There are fundamentally two methods for calculating the area. The simplest formula: 

(P x E) / 2 = area in m²

Example calculation without roach: P = 13m x E = 4,20m = 54,6 / 2 = 27,3m²



This formula doesn’t include the extra area at the leech (black area), called roach. However, almost every main sail has a raoch. To calculate this extra area, an empirical formula is used. The sail area of a main sail including the roach is calculated: 

P x E x 0,585 = sail area in m²



Example calculation including raoch:
 P = 13m x E = 4,20m x 0,585 = 31,94m²

HEAD SAIL / GENOA / JIB

For the calculation of the head sail area you can use two methods.

Either, the calculation of the dimensions I and J as a basis for a 100% head sail:
(I x J) / 2 x X% = sail area in m2

 and you set the percentage of your genoa for X.


Genoa 1 = 150 - 155%


Genoa 2 = 130 - 135%


Genoa 3 = 105 - 110%


Working jib = 85 - 95%






Or, if the length of the luff (L) as well as the LP is given:
(L x LP) / 2 = sail area in m2

SPINNAKER (SYMMETRICAL)

Symmetric spinnaker measurements include: leech length (SL), half width (SMG) as the distance between midpoints on the luff and leech and the foot length (SF).

The formula for computing the sail area is
:

(SL x (SMG + SF) / 2) x 0,95 = sail area in m2

GENNAKER

The formula for computing the sail area is:

SL x SF x 0,8 = sail area in m2